Uncontrolled gambling can adversely affect the quality and standard of living of a player. The underlying problem stems from an incorrect attitude to gambling as a way of earning money, not as an entertainment.
Gambling addiction: definition and characteristics
Gambling addiction is a disease whose main symptom is a constant irresistible attraction to gambling. Despite the fact that ludomania is comparable to chemical dependencies in a number of ways, its most significant difference from those is the absence of direct consequences associated with human physical health. At the same time, it is incorrect to say that gambling addiction proceeds without any consequences for a person. In this case, we should note the damage to the player’s mental state, which manifests itself in the form of sudden mood swings, loss of meaning in life, apathy and depression.
Some experts tend to consider ludomania one of the manifestations of Internet addiction. However, it is worth noting that not only games in online casinos are addictive, but also those offered in land – based gambling facilities-slot halls or full-fledged casinos.
The study of gambling addiction is important from a social point of view for three main reasons:
Gambling addicts often have social and financial problems. So, 23% of dependents have debts, 35% are divorced, and more than 80% have difficulties in marriage.
Criminalization. Almost half of ludomans are prone to illegal behavior.
Risk of suicide.
Signs of gambling addiction
In the United States, a number of criteria have been developed by which a person can be diagnosed with a pathology. Among them, an important place is occupied by the number and duration of sessions for gambling. In addition, gambling addiction is also called a primary habit disorder, because one of its manifestations is the lack of alternative leisure and leveling of social ties. Sometimes the situation becomes so stalemate that the gambler stops communicating even with the closest people and family members.
As a rule, pathological gambling is accompanied by financial problems. The player is constantly in a state of searching for funds for the next bet or a trip to a gambling establishment, so he often takes loans or sells (mortgages) property.
Another manifestation that is particularly noticeable directly at the time of the game is that the person wants to, but simply can not control their emotions and actions.
Modern methods of combating gambling addiction
Gambling addiction, methods to combat it, and responsible gambling as a preventive measure have become one of the Central themes for the gambling industry-operators and regulators.
Conditionally, methods of dealing with gambling addiction can be divided into preventive ones – those that prevent the appearance of ludomania-and directly treatment methods.
Within the scope of the self-exclusion program, the user can choose the period of validity of the ban-six months, a year, five or for life. If once a person has chosen the last option, they will not be able to return to gambling and will not be able to cancel their own decision either.
Player self-exclusion programs are a user protection mechanism that is used in all developed European countries. Its essence lies in the fact that a player can independently restrict their access to gambling for a pre-agreed period.
The method works more effectively if it involves the initiation of restrictions not only on the part of the player, but also on the part of his relatives-spouses or other family members. This is due to the fact that the user is not always able to objectively assess the degree of their own dependence.
In addition, it is important that the country has a single register of gambling-dependent citizens, because the restriction on playing in a separate casino is not effective.
Limiting spending on gambling is one of the new trends in countering the development of gambling addiction. For its implementation, assistance from banking institutions is necessary. In fact, the player sets a limit in advance – the amount of money that can be spent on gambling transactions. An attempt to make further payments will not be successful, as the Bank will block transactions.
Despite the fact that aggressive gambling advertising is the prerogative of illegal gambling operators, even the usual mailing of e-mails can negatively affect the course of treatment of a ludomaniac. Especially if we are talking about a person who made himself in the list of self-excluded. Therefore, more and more European countries refuse to advertise gambling products or severely restrict it.
The limitation of the duration of sessions
The administration of gambling establishments has enough comprehensive statistics about the dynamics of each account to determine the pathological behavior of the player. Representatives of the casino reserve the right to refuse to visit the client or temporarily freeze the account. However, the user can choose the time limit that he can afford to spend on the platform per day, week or month.
As mentioned above, it is very important that a person initially formed the right attitude to the game and losing as an integral part of it. Information about this can be posted on the online gambling platform or explained during lectures and conferences organized by the gambling regulator. Due to the fact that gambling addiction can occur at a fairly young age, parental control is not the least important.
The process of identifying players
Complex user identification procedures are designed for the sole purpose of restricting minors from participating in gambling.
In some cases, the player needs to ask for help from a specialist, so special organizations are engaged in establishing centers where qualified experts can advise gambling addicts.
A pathological interest in gambling can cause many social, financial, and psychological consequences. In order to prevent this from happening, gambling operators and regulators are constantly improving methods to combat ludomania. Among the most effective of them are temporary and financial restrictions on gambling leisure, self-exclusion programs, and the creation of support centers.
Recall that in the Czech Republic will create a register of citizens who are prohibited from taking part in gambling. It will also include people who have debts on loans