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The gambling market of the USA: the conditions of licensing and operation of gambling companies.

Doing business in the United States of America is not an easy task. In addition to the rigor of the legal regulations, which can vary greatly depending on the burdensome tax system of a particular state, the complexities associated with the specifics of working with gambling come into play.

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US gambling market: what types of gambling are allowed

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Contrary to popular belief, the Las Vegas gambling monopoly has long ceased to operate in the United States. A relatively recent innovation of the American legislative system is the repeal of the Federal law PASPA, adopted in 1992 and prohibiting gambling and equivalent games. The ban was lifted by the Supreme court on may 15, 2018, allowing local governments to choose their own policies regarding the legalization of betting operations in the States.

Thus, to the previously legal land-based casinos using slot machines and lotteries, the sports betting industry has been added, with a reservation to the state legislation, which has been reformed in many Federal units over the past year.

The gambling industry of the USA has several specific features: for example, tribal casinos are common in the territory of the state. This refers to gambling establishments, which can only be located on land originally owned by Indian tribes, and managed by them. In some individual cases, the state government enters into an agreement with the representatives of the tribe to provide an exclusive type of gambling services in the state. As a rule, this refers to specific types of gambling presented in the casino, but in the context of legalization of sports betting operations, the question of monopoly rights of tribes and this type of gambling is also being raised more often.

Types of gambling licenses in the USA

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In the United States, there are three types of gambling licenses, according to which operators are entitled to provide services related to gambling.

  • The first type is a limited license. Licensing Gaming experts note that this type of license allows the operator to open a slot machine hall with the proviso that the room can not be more than fifteen pieces of equipment. In addition, the license does not give the right to provide other types of gambling services, including popular table gambling. As a rule, this type of licensing is interesting to owners of small gambling halls, entertainment centers, bars or restaurants.
  • The second type of licensing-unlimited permission has two subspecies. The difference is that the first type of license allows you to organize the work of slot machines with an unlimited number of pieces of equipment, but does not apply to the installation of equipment for table gambling. The second type of licensing gives the right to install not only an unlimited number of slot machines, but also gaming tables.
  • The third type of licensing is a special permit that can be granted to the operator to place gambling equipment in a casino owned by a third party. The terms of the “tenant” are negotiated by the parties to the transaction.

These types of licensing relate exclusively to the direct implementation of gambling activities. The legislation also provides for the execution of documents for each individual employee of the company. The production and supply of gambling equipment is regulated under a completely different system and is licensed separately.

Working conditions in the US gambling market

American gambling has a long history of formation and formation. Despite the fact that sports betting is currently at the stage of final legislative consolidation and is a novelty for many States, this status does not apply to other types of gambling. This causes many features of the market.

The biggest challenge for foreign gambling in the United States is getting a Bank loan. As a rule, such a privilege can be used only by an operator who is already a recognized leader in the industry. Obtaining a license for the right to provide gambling services is a protracted process, and the modern industry is developing at an accelerated pace.

In addition, the US gambling market is a stable environment in which major actors set internal unspoken rules simply by negotiating with each other. An example of such actions is the universal refusal to serve free alcoholic beverages in gambling establishments, which was introduced relatively recently.


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